I have a journal review due for my abnormal psychology class due today, and I thought that instead of just working on it in boring old static MS Word, I would instead jot down my notes on my blog as a kind of homework live blog. I have no idea why anyone would want to read this, but i’m sure decades from now when i’m crazy famous for either doing something incredibly awesome or something incredibly stupid, people will want to pour through all of my blog posts to get a glimps into how my mind works.
Still this would be a pretty boring blog post if all it contained was a review of a journal article detailing “Family and Individual Factors Associated with Substance Involvement and PTS Symptoms Among Adolescents in Greater New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina”. So to break up the monotony of higher learning, I am going to toss in some random videos and hyper-links to things I think are funny or interesting. To kick off the randomness, lets start with a short clip from GoBots cartoon from the 80’s that can only be described as disturbing when watched through the eyes of an adult.
Wow… just… wow.
I’m going to try and write a one sentence review of each paragraph in this article… which may take a life time since this is a sizable journal entry.
Families and youths in areas of New Orleans affected by Hurricane Katrina had their lives disrupted not only during the disaster itself, but also for an extended time afterwards as those who were evacuated returned to a life where they had limited availability to schooling, social services, and community programs.
Based on previous studies following natural disasters, experts predicted that these youths would have an increased risk of long-term mental health issues and substance abuse problems.
Previous post disaster studies failed to focus on the link between substance abuse in youth’s attempting to deal with exposure to a disaster.
http://www.cracked.com/video_18249_why-star-wars-secretly-terrifying-women.html – Funny video as are most of the videos on cracked.com. I especially like this one since I also knew the name of Mon Mothma but would never admit it in public. …. also if you ignore the expanded universe, Bobba Fett is sooooooooo overrated.
While there has been some limited research done on the link between substance abuse in teens and exposure to trauma and the percentage of those who would qualify as suffering from PTSD, there also needs to be research into whether substance abuse in youths exaggerates or exasperates PTS symptoms.
Using established research on youths reactions to disasters and youths reactions to childhood trauma, this study aimed to identify risk factors that were common to both youths suffering from PTS symptoms as well those suffering from substance abuse problems.
As shown in previous studies the severity of the childhood trauma or severity of exposure to disaster has an affect on the development PTS symptoms.
Exposure to a disaster is not the sole variable in subsequent development of stress reactions, and pre-disaster factors must also be examined.
Holy shit this stuff is dry. This isn’t: http://thechive.com/2011/04/06/more-amusing-exam-answers-that-get-an-a-in-my-book-30-photos/
I love that Direct TV is now using tiny giraffes as part of it’s ongoing marketing campaign; it’s going to be the new Geico Gecko I bet.
Family income, early adolescent substance use, and parental substance abuse were included as pieces of data comprising the pre-disaster risk factors for substance abuse and PTS symptoms.
Post-disaster risk factors such as less social support and increased stressful life events were also factored into the study since previous disaster studies showed they played a role in likelihood of developing PTS symptoms.
Ok done with the first page of the journal entry. Only ten more to go, and then I can go back and try and put it all together. Holy shit I’m hungry. Giant has this awesome turkey sandwich with stuffing in it that I love so i’m going to head there and hope they are serving it today. God help them if they aren’t. In the mean time, here is an april fools article on comicalliance.com that I totally fell for cause i hate myself and actually have been watching this final season: http://www.comicsalliance.com/2011/04/01/smallville-season-11/
Family factors such as low levels of parental monitoring have historically been linked to increased level of adolescent substance abuse and these family factors are often strained to a greater degree in a post disaster environment.
This is also true with delinquency, but there has been no sizable study into a link between delinquency and PTS symptoms.
There were four questions explored in this study
- Would the disruptions and possible threats to life caused by Hurricane Katrina lead to PTS and substance abuse among post disaster teens?
- Would pre-disaster factors commonly associated with higher rates of PTS and substance abuse relate to post Katrina teens.
- Would post disaster factors commonly associate with higher rates of substance abuse relate to PTS and substance abuse in post Katrina teens.
- Would adolescent delinquency relate to PTS and substance abuse in post Katrina teens.
Method – Participants
The participants in this study was an ethnically diverse group of 70 boys and 10 girls recruited between January 2007 and June 2009. 77 parents were included in the study with family income, involvement in social programs, and education level as areas of collected data.
Using standardized diagnosis tests many of the adolescents met criteria for substance use disorder, probably psychiatric disorder, major depressive disorder, and PTSD symptoms.
Boom, done with page two. I have a headache, not sure if that’s cause i’m hungry, or cause my brain is trying to tell me to stop reading this stuff. I’m going to take a quick break and read a review of the final episode of Lights Out. I think that with a little more time, lights out and Terriers could have been consistent ratings wise for FX, but maybe they could have moved it to another time and put less money into it so that it would be profitable to them. Who knows. I’m sure they will make money on DVD sales. http://www.tvfanatic.com/2011/04/lights-out-review-war/
Method – Procedures
After a telephone screening, eligable youths and parents met with staff who obtained written consent from parent and written assent from the youths.
To be eligible, youths had to meet the following requirements:
- between 13 and 17 years of age
- referred for outpatient treatment for substance abuse
- living with a parent or legal guardian who could participate in the study
- lived in the greater New Orleans area at the time of Hurricane Katrina
- does not require inpatient care
- not actively suicidal, psychotic, or mentally handicapped
Assessments on eligibility for the youths and parents were made separately by trained individuals who were blind to the study.
Method – Measures
This study used the Parent and Adolescent Interviews from the Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse to asses background information on age, gender, ethnicity, family composition, income, family mental health, and substance abuse problems.
The study also used the Adolescent Diagnostic Interview-Light from Winters & Henly,, as well as the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Predictive Scales, to asses background information.
The teens substance involvement was measured with the Personal Involvement with Chemicals Scale from the Personal Experiences Inventory from Winters & Henly.
The teens PTS symptoms were asses by the parents completing the PTSD Checklist from Weathers and the youths used the adolescent version of the PTSD Reaction Index for DMS-I.
The Hurricane-Related Traumatic Experiences was used by adolescents to report on the exposure they experienced during Hurricane Katrina.
Boom another page done. This Journal article starts on page 806 of American Psychological Association and goes to page 817 in case anyone at home wants to follow along. Next up is page 810, which means I’m done with 4 pages but still need to finish 6 more since the last several pages are all reference listings. Luckily a lot of the 6 pages that are left are graphs and statistical tables, so not a lot to summarize there that isn’t covered in the text already. For a quick break i’m going to scope out http://garfieldminusgarfield.net/ which is awesome. basically, Jon Arbuckel looks like a man who is fighting a loosing battle to keep a grip on sanity.
The post disaster parental psychopathology was acquired from the Global Severity Index of the BSI.
Wow only made it one paragraph before I wanted to give up again. Ok I’m goign to the bowling alley to get some practice in. The Roy Munson Fan Club is in 4th place and is only 4 games in back of the first place team. This will be a big week for us. We really need a sweep and Ray and Laura had some pretty good pre bowling scores. You can ride our league at bowl.com go to the league page and enter in 11582 as the league ID…. or don’t, you have to live your on life.
The Family Environment Scale was used in evaluating post disaster family cohesion.
The youths in the study rated their parental monitoring using the Stictness/Supervision Scale fromt eh Authoritative atenting Scale.
Delinquency was measured by having the teens complete the Youth Self-Report.
Method – Statistical Analyses
The Journal article has a paragraph that is too complicated for me to care about at first glance.
Holy shit, the statistical analyses paragraph is a series of words that have been put together in such a way that I can discern almost no meaning from it. That’s why I said fuck it, and went and got a small Stromboli while I reflect on how bad my bowling earlier today was. Also…. this: http://weburbanist.com/2011/03/31/historys-hooligans-three-bad-boys-driving-up-museum-visits/
Results – Descriptive Statistics
82 percent of the teens were evacuated during the hurricane, but only 4 percent ever perceived their life to be threatened during the disaster.
Results – Pairwise Correlations Among Study Variables
Increased parental substance abuse correlated to an increase adolescent substance involvement. This Correlation also existed between adolescent substance involvement and decreased parental monitoring and other independent variables.
Another two pages down thanks to sizable graphs and tables. So lets check out this reddit discussion where people list the saddest things they ever masturbated to. http://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/gj989/what_was_the_saddest_thing_you_fapped_to/
Ok, there’s no way I can do anything else productive for the rest of the day after reading the first several entries. I’ll highlight the list here: